Tea World

Lesson 17

Methods of Bringing up of Young Tea in N.E.India

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Illustrations of the methods of bringing up of young tea into bearing adopted for different situations of N.E.India are described below. A combination of suitable frame forming prunes and plucking system contribute greatly towards the formation of a healthy good frame and proper field management practices like manuring, weed control, pest and disease control, drainage, shade, water conservation etc. help the plants to grow vigorously.

Method followed in plains of N.E. India, tea planted in Autumn (October-December)

Plant age

Month

Operation

0 year October to December Planting is done and the plants are allowed to grow.
  +1 year Late February to Mid April Plants are decentered at 20 cm height  from the ground level and plants are tipped at 65 cm above the ground.
June-July If the central branches are strong, these are pruned down or head back. The crossing branches, if any, should be removed.
End October The height of the plant is raised (step up) by a leaf.
+2 year Whole year Plucking is carried out throughout the year. Plucking is done upto janam.
+3 year End January to Early February  First frame forming prune is given at 35 -40 cm above the ground level. Tipping is done at 65 -70 cm above the ground.
End October Step up by one leaf ,if required, is done.
+ 4 year Whole year Plucking is continued throughout the year.
+5 year End January to Early February Final frame forming prune is given at 40 -45 cm above the ground. Thick central branches, if any, are headed back. The bushes are tipped at 70 cm above the ground and plucking  is continued.

For plains of N.E. India, tea planted in spring (April-May)

Plant age Month Operation
  0 year April –June Planting is done and  plants are allowed to grow.
July -August When the plants establish well, thumb breaking/lung pruning or decentering is done at 20 cm from the ground level. The plants are tipped at 60-65 cm above the ground. However, if the pants are weak or planting is done late, the operation is deferred to early February to mid April of the next year.
+1 year Whole year Plucking is continued. The plants are kept unprune.
 +2 year End January to Early February First Frame forming prune at 35 -40 cm above the ground is done. Tipping is done at 65-70 cm above the ground.
End October If required, step up the bush by 1 leaf.
+3 year Whole year Plucking is continued, bushes are kept unpruned.
+4 year End January – Early February Final frame forming prune is done at 40-45 cm above the ground. Tipping is done at 65-70 cm. Thick branches at the central portion are headed back.

For low elevation hilly areas of N.E. India

Plant  age Month Operation
0 year June -July Planting is done and plants are allowed to grow.
+1 year January- February Decentering is done at 15 -30 cm and tipping is done at 55-60 cm above the ground. Strong central branches and cross branches, if any, are removed.
+2 year Whole year Plants are kept unpruned and plucking to janam is continued.
+3 year January -February First frame forming prune is done at 30-35 cm and plants are tipped at 55-60 cm above the ground done.
July -August The plucking table is stepped up by one leaf, if required.
+4 year Whole year Bushes are kept unpruned and plucking is continued.
+5 year January Final frame forming prune is done at 35-40 cm and tipping is done at 60-65 cm above the ground. Thick central branches , if any, are removed.

For high elevation hilly areas of N.E.India

Plant age Month Operation
0 year June- July Planting is done and  plants are allowed to grow.
+1 year January- February Decentering is done at 15-20 cm and tipping is done at 50-55 cm above the ground. Thick central branches are removed.
  Early September Step up one leaf ,if required.
+2 year Whole year Plants are kept unpruned  and plucking is continued.
+3 year January-February First frame forming prune is done  at 30-35 cm and tipping at 50-55 cm above the ground.
  Early September Step up by one leaf ,if required, is done.
+4 year+5 year Both years Bushes are kept unprune. Plucking is continued. Step up by one leaf is done, if required.
+6 year January - March Final frame forming prune at 35-40 cm is done. Tipping is done at 55-60 cm above the ground. Any strong branch at the central portion is removed.

After giving the final frame forming prune, the bushes are treated as mature tea. Thereafter, the bushes are brought under regular pruning.

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