Tea World

Lesson 30

Small Tea Growers in other states of India

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In South India and Himachal Pradesh tea was traditionally cultivated in small scale by the growers along with other crops. In Tamil Nadu almost 62 per cent production comes from the small growers sector.There are about 61,980 number of small tea growers and more than 98 percent of the plantations are located in Nilgiri district. Similarly in Himachal Pradesh there are some 900 small growers mostly in Kangra valley and a few in Mandi. After the introduction   small scale tea cultivation in Assam, the hilly states of North East India like Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland,Mizoram etc.and some other non-traditional states have also started tea cultivation.Chabglang, Dibong valley, East Siang, Lohit,Longding,Lower Dibang Valley,Papum pare,Tirap,Upper Siang and West Siang are the areas where tea cultivation has been started. In Meghalaya, East Khashi Hills, Ri-Bhoi and West Garo hills are the main growing district. In Nagaland the tea cultivation is found in Mon and Mokokchung district. Presently the traditional tea gowing tract in Darjeeling of West Bengal has witness the growth of small tea sector.The small tea growers movement began in late 1990s.There are about 800 small growers registered with Tea Board in Darjeeling district.The other areas where small scale tea cultivation has been started are Alipurduwar, Cooch Behar, Jalpaiguri and Uttar Dinajpur.The small sector of West Bengal now contributes about 54 per cent of the state’s tea production.

Contribution of Small tea growers

The total tea production of tea both from the organized sector and small sector during 2017-2018 in different regions of the country is as below:

State

Production (m. kg)

Total (m.kg)

Share of small Sector (%)

Organized Sector

Small Growers Sector

Assam

391.07

285.24

676.31

42.17

Arunachal Pradesh

3.53

7.63

11.16

68.37

Bihar

0.81

3.84

4.65

82.58

Himachal Pradesh

0.37

0.48

0.85

56.47

Karnataka

5.10

0.27

5.37

5.02

Kerela

52.53

11.35

63.88

17.76

Meghalaya

0.09

0.38

0.47

80.85

Nagaland

-

1.24

1.24

100.00

Tamil Nadu

63.42

100.98

164.40

61.42

Tripura

6.64

2.08

8.72

23.85

West Bengal

179.74

208.12

387.86

53.65

Total(includingSikkim & Uttarkhand)

703.44

621.61

1325.05

46.91

 

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