Tea World

Lesson 27

Exploitation of human being

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The labourers had to live in very unhygienic environment, paid little, fed too less and the magnitude of human exploitation was beyond imaginations.The Assam Company brought 2,272 labourers between December 1859 and November 1861 out of which 250 died on transit. Between April 1861 and February 1862 the company recruited 2,569 labourers of which 135 died on the way and 103 absconded. Between May 1863 and May 1866 a total of 84,915 32 labourers were arrived in Assam out of which 30,000 had died by June 1866. This was the most unfortunate and sad story of death and misery in the colonial history of Assam. The average mortality rate was 10% to 15% and sometimes rose to 50%.The import of labour was still continued till the second decade of the twenteeth century.

Annual Immigration of Labour (including children) into Assam Plantations during

1902-03 to 1918-19

Year

Number

Year

Number

1902-03

26,684

1919-20

1.02,089

1903-04

22,162

1920-21

25,472

1904-05

24,209

1924-25

33,727

1905-06

31,830

1925-26

33,009

1906-07

25,617

1926-27

45,694

1907-08

84,824

1927-28

42,845

1908-09

60,773

1928-29

68,900

1909-10

39,332

1929-30

59,796

1910-11

43,657

1930-31

53,519

1911-12

58,646

1931-32

50,997

1912-13

58,873

1932-33

39,901

1913-14

58,646

1933-34

47,960

1914-15

63,638

1934-35

19,968

1915-16

1,10,376

1935-36

23,876

1916-17

48,130

1936-37

27,842

1917-18

19,407

 

1937-38

 

32, 335

1918-19

2,22,171

 

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